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Less - Mainly refers to things which are hard to count         

Fewer - Generally refers to people or things that can be counted

Lie - To rest and does not take an object         

Lay - To put or place and usually takes an object

Party - Group of people    

Person - Refers to an individual

Practical - Useful to pragmatic   

Practicable - That has been proposed but has not yet been tested

Precede - To 'go before'   

Proceed - To 'go ahead' or ' move forward'

Principal - Main or primary participant

Principle - Rule or underlying tenet

Raise - To lift or cause something to move up

Rise - Takes on the more subjunctive sense of ' to go up' or 'come up'

Stationery - Situated in one place or without movement    

Stationery - Paper used for writing

Very - Adverb meaning to a high degree          

Real - Adjective meaning truly, actual or fundamental (use with nouns)

Without - Preposition used to indicate the absence of something or someone

Unless - Conjunction indicating an exception to the stated condition


Which are the important one word substitution examples for English Tests and Exams

Abdication – voluntary giving up of power or position

Aborigines- the original inhabitants of a country

Acoustics- relating to sound

Acumen - superior mental acuteness

Adhoc - for the purpose

Adolescence - a stage of growth between boyhood and youth

Adulation - excessive devotion

Aeronautics -science of flight of airplanes

Affidavit- a written statement given on oath

Agenda – a list of items/activities to be transacted at a meeting

Aggravate - to make worse

Alimony – allowance paid to wife on legal separation

Allegory- description of a subject with symbolical representation to another

Alluvial- sandy soil deposited by running water

Almanac – an annual calendar with positions of stars

Altimeter- instrument used for measuring altitudes in aircraft

Altruist – person who considers the happiness and well-being of others first

Amateur – a man who does a thing for pleasure and not as a profession

Ambidexterity – person who can use either hand with ease

Ammeter- instrument used for measuring the electrical currents in amperes

Amnesty- general pardon of the offenses against government

Amphibian – animals which live both on land and sea

Amputate – to cut off a part of a person's body

Anachronistic - set in wrong time or period

Anarchist – person who is out to destroy all governance, person law and order

Anarchist - person who provokes disorder in a state

Anatomy - study of sciences relating to the bodily structure of human

Anemometer - instrument used for measuring the force and velocity of winds

Anesthetics - drugs causing unconsciousness such as chloroform

Annihilate - destroy utterly

Annuity           - yearly grant

Anonymous - that which is written without name

Anthology – a collection of poems

Anthropologist - person who studies development of man from primitive ages

Anthropologist – person who studies the evolution of mankind

Antiquarian - a person who is interested in antiquities

Apostasy - to renounce person's faith or religion

Aquarium - a thing where fishes are kept

Aquatic – animals/plants which live in water

Arbitrator – a person appointed by two parties to solve a dispute

Arbitrator - person who is appointed by two parties & decide their difference

Arboreal - living in trees

Arboriculture - cultivation of trees and vegetables

Archaeologist - person who studies human antiquities

Archaism - using ancient languages

Archeologist – person who make a scientific study of human antiquities

Archives – a place where government or public records are kept

Aristocracy - the rule by nobles

Arsenal           - place where weapons are manufactured and stored

Articulate - pronounce clearly

Astrologer – a person who studies the influence of heavenly bodies on human beings

Astronomer – a person who studies stars planets and other heavenly bodies

Astronomy -study of heavenly bodies

Atheist – a person who does not believe in god

Atmosphere - the air surrounding the earths

Audible - that which can be heard

Audience – a number of people listening to a lecture

Audiometer  instrument used for measuring the intensity of sound

Autobiography – the life history of a person written by himself

Autocracy - absolute rule by person

Autocracy – government by person

Autocrat - who exercises absolute power

Avalanche - a heavy mass of snow falling down

Axiom – a statement which is accepted as true without proof

Ballad -          a short narrative poem

Ballistics - science dealing with the motion of projectile e.g. rockets

Barometer - an apparatus used for measuring the atmospheric pressure

Bellicose - ready to fight

Benefactor - kind helper

Benevolent - kind hearted

Bevy - group of girls or women

Bibliography - a list of books with details

Bibliophile – a lover and collector of books

Biennial – an event which happens once in two years

Bifurcate - divided into two branches

Bigamy - two life partners at a time

Bilingual - spoken or written in two languages

Biography - life of a person written by somebody

Biologist - person who studies the science of animals and plants

Biota - animal and plant life of a religion or period

Black box - an apparatus which records the fight data of an airplane and is also a voice recorder

Blasphemy – the act of speaking disrespectfully about sacred things

Blood transfusion - the process the transfusing blood of person into blood stream of another person

Botanist - person who studies the science of plants

Bouquet – a collection of flowers

Boycott         to abstain from buying or using

Brittle - easily broken

Bureaucracy – government by the officials

Butcher          person whose business is to slaughter cattle for food

Cadaver - dead body

Calligraphist – a person who writes beautiful handwriting

Calligraphy - beautiful writing

Calorimeter - an instrument used for measuring quantities of heat

Cannibal – person who eats human flesh

Carburetor - an apparatus used in an internal combustion engine for charging air with petrol

Cardiac - related to the heart

Cardinal - of prime importance

Cardiograph - a medical instrument for tracing heat movements

Cardiologist – a person who is specialist in heart diseases

Carnivorous – which / who lives on flesh

Cartographer –person drawing maps

Cavalry – soldiers on horse back

Centipede - an insect with many legs

Chauffeur – person employed to drive a car

Chemotherapy         - medical treatment by chemicals

Choreographer – person who teaches dancing

Classic - that which is acclaimed as an excellent work

Cloak room – a place for luggage at railway station

Coercion - intimidation by threat 

Colleagues - persons who work in the same department

Connoisseur - me who is well versed in any subject a critical judge of any art particularly fine arts

Contagious disease - a disease which spreads by contact

Contemporary - person who lives at the same time of another

Convalescence – recovering from illness

Converge - to meet in a point

Copy-right - exclusive right to publish a book or content

CrΓ¨che – a nursery for children

Creditor - person to whom a debt owed

Credulous - too ready to believe

Crescendo - gradual increase in force - volume - loudness

Crusade – a religious war

Cryptograph - secret writing

Cul-de-sac - dead end

Curator – a person in charge of a museum

Cynosure – centre of attraction

Debtor - person who owes money to another

Decelerate - slow down

Democracy - the government formed by the people

Demography - science of vital and social statistics

Dialysis - the process for flood purification when the kidneys malfunction

Diminish - make or become smaller

Dipsomania - craving for alcoholic drinks

Dissuade - persuade not to do something

Dividend - sum payable as profit to an individual

Domicile - a place where person lives permanently

Dormitory – the sleeping rooms with several beds

Ecology           - study of plants or of animal or of people or of institutions in relation to environment

Edible -           that which is fit to be eaten

Effeminate – a person who is womanish

Egoism - speaking too much of one self

Elegy - a lament for the dead

Emetic - inducing vomiting

Encomium -  high praise - eulogy

Encroach - make inroads on others property

Encyclopedia – a book that contains information on various subjects

Endemic - a disease which becomes prevalent

Enduring - long lasting

Entomologist - one who studies about insects

Ephemeral - lasting a very short time

Epicenter - point at which earthquake breakout

Epicure – one, who is devoted to the pleasure of eating and drinking

Epidemic - a disease which affects many people in a particular area in one time

Epitaph – words which are inscribed on the grave or the tomb in the memory of the buried

Equanimity - evenness of mind or temper

Equine - of horses

Equinox - when days and nights are equal 

Estuary           - a broad channel formed by joining of the sea and river water

Ethnologist - one who studies the science of the varieties of human race

Etymology - science relating to the formation and development of words

Eulogy - speech or writing that praises

Euthanasia - mercy killing painless death to relieve suffering

Euthenics- science of improving the environment

Exaggerate - describe a thing beyond limits of facts / truth

Exonerate - free from blame

Explicit - fully and clearly expressed

Extempore - speech delivered without any preparation

Extinguish - to put an end to

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