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What is United Nations?
Largest International Organization to promote International co operation and maintaining international order.
Successor of League of Nations
Charter of the United Nations signed at San Francisco on June 26, 1945 attended by 50 Countries
Headquarter of United Nation Organization is at New York, United States of America.
United Nation – the name was suggested by President of United States Mr. Roosevelt.
UNO came in to existence on 24th, October, 1945.
First regular Session held in London in January 1946
Trygve of Norway was the first Secretary General

Flag adopted on 20th, October, 1947
White UN Emblem
2 Bent Olive Branches open at the top
Between them is a map of the World
Light Blue Background
New members are admitted to General Assembly on the recommendation of Security Council.
Official Languages - English, French, Arabic, Chinese, Russian and Spanish
 

What are the Organs of the United Nations?
General Assembly.
Security Council.
Economic and Social Council.
Secretariat.
International Court of Justice.
Trusteeship Council.

Who are the Permanent Members of United Nations Security Council?
USA, UK, France, Russia, China
 

Secretary General - Mr. António Guterres -  Portugal 2017 - till date .

Important UN Agencies
What is IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency?
Headquarters - Vienna
Established - 1957
Nuclear energy and Prevention of nuclear weapons.
What is ILO -International Labour Organization?
Headquarter - Geneva
Established - 1919
Deals with Labour Problems and working Conditions
What is UNESCO - United Nation Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization?
Headquarters -Paris
Established -1946
Deals with Education, Science and Culture  promotion
What is UNCTAD - United Nation Conference on Trade
and Development?
Headquarter - Geneva
Established -1964
Promotes International Trade
What is UNICEF - United Nations Children Emergency Fund?
HQ- New York
Established -1946
Promotes Child welfare
 

What is IMF - International Monetary Fund?
Washington Dc
1945
Promotes Monetary Cooperation
What is IFC - International Finance Cooperation?
Washington DC
1956
Promotes Economic Development
What is FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization?
Rome
1945
Food and Hunger Issues
What is IBRD - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development?
Washington DC
1945
Developing middle income countries
What is WTO - World Trade Organization?
Geneva
1995
Regulates International Trade
 

What is UNDP - United Nations Development Program?
New York
1965
Development of Countries
What is ICAO – International Civil Aviation Organization?
Montreal
1947
International Air Navigation
What is IMO – International Maritime Organization?
London
1959
Regulates Shipping
What is ITU - The International Telecommunication Union?
Geneva
Information and Communication Technologies


What is OHCHR - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights?
Geneva
Protection of Human Rights
What is UNHCR - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)?
Geneva
1950
To Protect and Support Refugees
What is ESCAP - United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific?
Bangkok
1947
Economic Cooperation
What is UNFCCC - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change?
New York
From 1994
Environmental issues including greenhouse effects
What is UNIDO - United Nations Industrial Development Organization?
Vienna
1966
Promotion of Industrial Development
What is UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund?
New York
1969
Improvement of reproductive health

What is UNU - United Nations University?
Tokyo
1973
Education
What is UPU -Universal Postal Union?
Berne
1874
Coordination of Postal Policies
What is WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization?
Geneva
1967
Protection of Intellectual property
What is WMO - World Meteorological Organization?
Geneva
1950
Meteorology
What is UNWTO - World Tourism Organization?
Madrid
1975
Universal Tourism
 

Other International Groups


What is Commonwealth?
Intergovernmental association of countries formerly under British Empire
Member Countries – 52
Headquarter – London
Head - British Monarch
Meeting held once in 2years -CHOGM
India is a member.
What is ASEAN - The Association of Southeast Asian Nations?
ESTD – 8th, August, 1967
Secretariat - Jakarta
Promotes political, economic, military, educational and cultural integration among member states
Members - Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand   Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam.
What is G20 – Group of 20?
1999
Financial Stability Policy Issues
Members - Australia , India, Argentina, China, Brazil,  France, Japan, Germany,  Indonesia, Italy, Mexico, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and the European Union
 

What is BRICS?
Association of Five Major Emerging Economies
India, Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa
Since 2009
Cooperation among member states
China hosted the 9th BRICS summit in Xiamen on September 2017
What are International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement?
Estd – 1928
Humanitarian Aid
What is SAARC?
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
Estd – 1985
To Promote Social, economic and cultural Cooperation
Headquarter –Kathmandu
Members – India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Srilanka and Afghanistan
 

What is Shangai Cooperation Organization?
2001
Beijing
 Eurasian economic, political, and security organisation,
Members - China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan
 Pakistan and India joined SCO on 9th June 2017 in Astana, Kazakhstan.
What is Amnesty International?
1961
London
Human Rights Protection
What is WWF?
World Wild Life Fund
1961
Gland, Switzerland
To save Wildlife
 

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