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FAQs Indian Polity and Constitution

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Who Framed the Indian Constitution?
Constituent Assembly of India framed the Indian Constitution.
Who is known as the father of Indian Constitution?
Dr.B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of Drafting Committee. He is remembered as the father of the Indian Constitution.
When was the Indian Constitution Adopted?
The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949.

When Did the Indian Constitution come into effect?
The Constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950.
How many members were there in the Constituent Assembly?
The Constituent Assembly had 389 Members
Who was appointed as the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly?
In 1946 - B. N. Rao was appointed as the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly
What was the time taken to complete the drafting of the Indian Constitution?
Time taken to complete the drafting of constitution - Two years, eleven months and eighteen days.

When was the First meeting of the Constituent Assembly?
First meeting of the constituent Assembly was on 9th, December, 1946 with Interim President Dr.Sachhidananda Sinha. Later Dr.Rajendra Prasad elected president on 11th, December, 1946

Which is the largest written constitution in the world?
The Indian Constitution is the largest written constitution in the world
Where is the original constitution of India Preserved?
The original 1950 Constitution of India is preserved in the Parliament house
How many Articles and Schedules were there originally in the Indian Constitution?
395 Articles and 8 Schedules

When was the National Flag of India adopted?
National Flag adapted on 22 July 1947
Who Designed the National Flag of India?
National Flag designed by Pingali Venkayya of Andhra Pradesh.

What is Preamble?
It is an Introduction to the Constitution
By 42nd, Amendment in the year 1976 which words were added to the Preamble?
Socialist
Secular
Unity & Integrity
 

Which Features of the Indian Constitution were borrowed from United Kingdom?
Following features borrowed from United Kingdom
Bicameral Parliament
Cabinet System of Ministers
Nominal Head – President like Queen of England
Parliamentary Type of Government
Post of Prime Minister
Speaker

Which Features of the Indian Constitution were borrowed from USA?
Following features borrowed from USA
A Written Constitution
Executive Head of State like President
Fundamental Rights
Independence of Judiciary
Preamble
President being Supreme Commander of Armed Forces
Supreme Court

What are the Six Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution?
The constitution guarantees Six Fundamental Rights
1)Right to Equality
2)Right to Freedom
3)Right against Exploitation
4)Right to Freedom of religion
5)Cultural and Educational Rights
6)Right to Constitutional Remedies

What is Article 14?
Equality before Law
Equal Protection of Law
What is Article 15?
Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of sex, caste, race, religion, place of birth etc.
What is Article 16?
Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
What is Article 17?
No Untouchability
 

What is Article 18?
Abolition of titles other than military or academics
What is Article 19?
Fundamental Freedoms of speech and expression, freedom of assembly, freedom to form associations, freedom of  movement, freedom to residence and settlement and freedom of profession.
What is Article 20?
Protection regarding conviction of offences
What is Article 21?
Protection of liberty and life
What is Article 21 A?
Right to education (children 6-14 years)
 

What is Article 22?
Protection against detention and arrest in certain cases
What is Article 23?
Forced labour and trafficking in humans prohibited
What is Article 24?
No child labour (below 14 years)
What is Article 25?
Freedom of religious practice and propagation
What is Article 26?
Freedom for management of religious matters and affairs
 

What is Articles 27?
No taxes on religious basis
What is Article 28?
Freedom to practice religious ceremonies in select institutions
What is Article 29?
Protection of minority’s interest
What is Article 30?
Protection of minorities to manage, establish and run educational institutions
What is Article 32?
Right to seek redressal on violation of rights

What are Writs?
Power of the Supreme Court to issue writs for enforcement of fundamental rights

What are the Types of Writs?
Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Prohibition, Certiorari and Quo Warranto.

What is Habeas Corpus?
In protection of a person detained /arrested
What is Mandamus?
Instructions/command to person /authority for implementation or desisting from certain action/actions
What is Prohibition?
Stopping/preventing instructions to lower court/authority for judicial violations or injustice
 

What is Certiorari?
Removal of suit from an inferior to superior court
What is Quo Warranto?
Restraining / Questioning the legality of holding a public office
 

Which part of Constitution deals with Directive Principles of State Policy?
Part IV of the Constitution
What are Articles 36 to 51?
These contain guidelines to State for framing legal laws and governance.
 

What are the Fundamental Duties?
Added to constitution by 42nd, Amendment in the year 1976
Article 51 A – Eleven Fundamental Duties
11th Fundamental Duty added by 86th, Amendment –in 2002. This deals with education of children by parents/guardians
What is 42nd, Amendment?
Obligation on the President to follow the advice of council of ministers

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