STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF SYLLABUS

(Paper I and Paper II)

Paper I (for classes I to V) Primary Stage:

I. Child Development and Pedagogy 30 Questions

a) Child Development (Primary School Child) 15 Questions

 Concept of development and its relationship with learning

 Principles of the development of children

 Influence of Heredity & Environment

 Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)

 Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives

 Concepts of child-centered and progressive education

 Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence

 Multi Dimensional Intelligence

 Language & Thought

 Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice

 Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.

 Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice

 Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

 

b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs 5 Questions

 

 Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived

 Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.

 Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

 

c) Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions

 How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.

 Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.

 Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’

 Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.

 Cognition & Emotions

 Motivation and learning

 Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental

 

II. Language I. 30 Questions

a) Language Comprehension 15 Questions

 

Reading unseen passages – two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

 Learning and acquisition

 Principles of language Teaching

 Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool

 Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form

 Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders

 Language Skills

 Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing

 Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom

 Remedial Teaching

 

III. Language – II 30 Questions

a) Comprehension 15 Questions

 

Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability

b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

 Learning and acquisition

 Principles of language Teaching

 Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool

 Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;

 Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders

 Language Skills

 Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing

 Teaching – learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom

 Remedial Teaching

 

IV. Mathematics 30 Questions

a) Content 15 Questions

 Geometry

 Shapes & Spatial Understanding

 Solids around Us

 Numbers

 Addition and Subtraction

 Multiplication

 Division

 Measurement

 Weight

 Time

 Volume

 Data Handling

 Patterns

 Money

 

b) Pedagogical issues 15 Questions

 Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking; understanding children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning

 

 

 Place of Mathematics in Curriculum

 Language of Mathematics

 Community Mathematics

 Evaluation through formal and informal methods

 Problems of Teaching

 Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching

 Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

 

V. Environmental Studies 30 Questions

a) Content 15 Questions

I. Family and Friends:

1.1 Relationships

1.2 Work and Play

1.3 Animals

1.4 Plants

II. Food

III. Shelter

IV. Water

V. Travel

VI. Things We Make and Do

 

b) Pedagogical Issues 15 Questions

 Concept and scope of EVS

 Significance of EVS, integrated EVS

 Environmental Studies & Environmental Education

 Learning Principles

 Scope & relation to Science & Social Science

 Approaches of presenting concepts

 Activities

 Experimentation/Practical Work

 Discussion

 CCE

 Teaching material/Aids

 

Problems

Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage:

I. Child Development and Pedagogy 30 Questions

a) Child Development (Elementary School Child) 15 Questions

 Concept of development and its relationship with learning

 Principles of the development of children

 Influence of Heredity & Environment

 

 Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)

 Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives

 Concepts of child-centered and progressive education

 Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence

 Multi Dimensional Intelligence

 Language & Thought

 Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice

 Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.

 Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice

 Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

 

b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs 5 Questions

 Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived

 Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.

 Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

 

c) Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions

 How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.

 Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.

 Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’

 Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.

 Cognition & Emotions

 Motivation and learning

 Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental

 

II. Language I. 30 Questions

a) Language Comprehension 15 Questions

 

Reading unseen passages – two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar

and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

 Learning and acquisition

 Principles of language Teaching

 Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool

 Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;

 Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders

 Language Skills

 Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing

 Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom

 Remedial Teaching

 

III. Language – II 30 Questions

a) Comprehension 15 Questions

 

Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability

b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

 Learning and acquisition

 Principles of language Teaching

 Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool

 Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;

 Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders

 Language Skills

 Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing

 Teaching – learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom

 Remedial Teaching

 

IV. (A) Mathematics and Science:60 Questions

(i) Mathematics 30 Questions

 a) Content 20 Questions

 Number System

 Knowing our Numbers

 Playing with Numbers

 Whole Numbers

 Negative Numbers and Integers

 Fractions

 

 Algebra

 Introduction to Algebra

 Ratio and Proportion

 Geometry

 Basic geometrical ideas (2-D)

 Understanding Elementary Shapes (2-D and 3-D)

 Symmetry: (reflection)

 Construction (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses)

 Mensuration

 Data handling

 

b) Pedagogical issues 10 Questions

 Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking

 Place of Mathematics in Curriculum

 Language of Mathematics

 Community Mathematics

 Evaluation

 Remedial Teaching

 Problem of Teaching

 

(ii) Science 30 Questions

a) Content 20 Questions

I. Food

 Sources of food

 Components of food

 Cleaning food

II. Materials

 Materials of daily use

III. The World of the Living

IV. Moving Things People and Ideas

V. How things work

 Electric current and circuits

 Magnets

VI. Natural Phenomena

VII. Natural Resources

b) Pedagogical issues 10 Questions

 Nature & Structure of Sciences

 Natural Science/Aims & objectives

 Understanding & Appreciating Science

 Approaches/Integrated Approach

 Observation/Experiment/Discovery (Method of Science)

 Innovation

 Text Material/Aids

 Evaluation – cognitive/psychomotor/affective

 Problems

 Remedial Teaching

 

V. Social Studies/Social Sciences 60 Questions

a) Content 40 Questions

I. History

 When, Where and How

 The Earliest Societies

 The First Farmers and Herders

 The First Cities

 Early States

 New Ideas

 The First Empire

 Contacts with Distant lands

 Political Developments

 Culture and Science

 New Kings and Kingdoms

 Sultans of Delhi

 Architecture

 Creation of an Empire

 Social Change

 Regional Cultures

 The Establishment of Company Power

 Rural Life and Society

 Colonialism and Tribal Societies

 The Revolt of 1857-58

 Women and reform

 Challenging the Caste System

 

 The Nationalist Movement

 India After Independence

 

II. Geography

 Geography as a social study and as a science

 Planet: Earth in the solar system

 Globe

 Environment in its totality: natural and human environment

 Air

 Water

 Human Environment: settlement, transport and communication

 Resources: Types-Natural and Human

 Agriculture

 

III. Social and Political Life

 Diversity

 Government

 Local Government

 Making a Living

 Democracy

 State Government

 Understanding Media

 Unpacking Gender

 The Constitution

 Parliamentary Government

 The Judiciary

 Social Justice and the Marginalised

 

b) Pedagogical issues 20 Questions

 Concept & Nature of Social Science/Social Studies

 Class Room Processes, activities and discourse

 Developing Critical thinking

 Enquiry/Empirical Evidence

 Problems of teaching Social Science/Social Studies

 Sources – Primary & Secondary

 Projects Work

 Evaluation

 Note: For Detailed syllabus of classes I-VIII, please refer to NCERT syllabus and textbooks

  

Syllabus - CTET

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