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 How to Use Adjectives? How to Learn General English Series

What are Adjectives?

An Adjective qualifies a noun or pronoun.

What are Proper Adjectives?

Proper Adjectives are formed from proper nouns.

Tamil – Tamilian

India – Indian

China – Chinese

Proper Adjectives begin with a Capital Letter.

What are Possessive Adjectives?

Her, their, its, my, our, your, his are called Possessive Adjectives.

Possessive Adjectives are used before nouns.

My car, your house

What are Distributive Adjectives?

Neither, either, every, each are called Distributive Adjectives.

Each is used for two or more than two things or persons.

Each of the two boys is intelligent.

Every is used for more than two persons or things.

Every word of it is true.

Either or neither are used for two persons or things.

Neither of the two boys was available.

Please note that Article is not used before the noun used after either, neither, each, every.

Either car will serve the purpose.

What are Demonstrative Adjectives?

Demonstrative Adjectives are of two kinds

Indefinite – Some, any, A, an, a certain, certain, any other, another, other

Definite – same, such, those, this, that, these

What are Numeral Adjectives?

Numeral Adjectives are of two kinds.

Indefinite – They denote number without precise number.

Numerous, several, many, some, enough, all, few etc.

Definite – They denote exact precise number.

One, two, three, four - they are also are known as Cardinals.

Those words which denote the serial order of standing.

First, second, third, next, last – they are also known as Ordinals.

Please note that Ordinals are used before Cardinals if they are used in a sentence.

The first five pages of this magazine.

The last three scenes of the movie. 

What are Quantitative Adjectives?

Adjectives which show quantity or degree.

Some, enough, all, much, little, whole.

Whole, little and much are used for quantity.

Little salt, whole book

Sufficient, most, some, enough, all are used for both number and quantity.

What are Qualitative Adjectives?

These adjectives show quality.

Sick, ugly, good, small, brave, and big.

What are Interrogative Adjectives?

Adjectives asking questions.

Which movie do you like?

What are Exclamatory Adjectives?

Adjectives used to express surprise.

What a movie!

What a picture!

What are the Degrees of Comparison?

Positive Degree – Adjective in simple form.

Ram is a good actor.

Comparative Degree – An adjective comparing the quality of two persons or things.

Ram is more intelligent than Shyam.

Superlative Degree –Adjective denoting highest degree of quality.

This is the tallest building.

Please note the following.

Posterior, inferior, senior, superior, junior, prior are followed by ‘to’.

Ram is junior to Shyam.

Minor, major, exterior interior are adjectives of positive degree.

More / most is not used before them.

Than / to is not used after them.

His age is a matter of major importance.

After relatively or comparatively - positive degree is used.

The wind is comparatively hot today.

Positive Degree is used before – enough.

He is bold enough.

If comparison is between two nouns – to is used after prefer.

He prefers tea to milk.

After preferable – to is used.

Cricket is preferable to football.

Golden, chief, universal, extreme, circular, perfect, complete, unique, full, excellent are used neither in comparative degree nor in Superlative degree.

Money is the chief aim of her life.

Positive Degree and as are used with so/as.

My performance in the game was as good as Mohan’s.

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