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How to use Pronouns and Avoid Errors English Grammar. How to Learn General English Series

How to use pronouns and avoid errors?

What is a pronoun?

Word which is used instead of a noun is called pronoun.

What are Personal Pronouns?

We, I, he, you, them, her etc.

What is Nominative case?

The pronoun acts as the subject of a verb it is in Nominative / Subjective Case.

She, it, they, I, we, you, he etc.

What is Objective case?

The pronoun acts as an object of a verb.

Him, her, it, them, me, us, you etc.

After ‘let’ a pronoun is used in objective case.

Let her and me do this.

After a preposition a pronoun is used in objective case.

He was angry with you and him.

If the comparison is between two nominatives then nominative case is used after ‘than’.

He eats faster than I.

Objective case is used after ‘Than’ if comparison is between two objects.

She loves him more than me.

What are Distributive Pronouns?

Neither, either, each

For two persons or things either and neither are used.

Either of them can come.

For two or more persons or things each is used.

Each of the parents contributed ten dollars.

What are demonstrative Pronouns?

Those, such, this, that, these

Person or things which are near the speaker this and these are used.

These pictures are beautiful.

This pen is for you.

That and those are used for persons or things which are away from the speaker.

That is used for one person or thing.

Those is used for more than one person or thing.

Those plants are beautiful.

That book is mine.

What are indefinite pronouns?

Nothing, something, anything, one, some, any, everybody, somebody, anybody, everybody, anyone, no one, everything etc.

In referring to everybody, anybody anyone, everyone, each etc the pronoun he or she is used according to the context.

I shall be glad to help every one of my students.

What are Reflexive Pronouns?

Herself, ourselves, itself, myself, yourself, himself etc.

After pride, adjust, avenge, acquit, absent, avail, revenge, resign, enjoy, exert, apply adopt a reflexive pronoun or an object must be put .

I absented myself from the office.

Verbs like turn, stop, steal, bathe, break, feed, burst,, hide, gather, make, keep, open, move, qualify, roll, rest, speed are usually not followed by reflexive pronoun.

She has qualified for the job.

A reflexive pronoun cannot be substitute for the subject. 

What are emphatic pronouns?

When themselves, itself, herself, myself, yourself, ourselves etc are used for emphasis they are called emphatic pronouns.

I myself went to the auction.

They themselves admitted their mistake.

What are Relative Pronouns?

Which, that, who, whom, whose

Who is used for persons only.

Which is used for things or animals without life.

This is the man who sold the horse.

The house which I bought is in London.

That is used for persons and things.

The car that I sold is there.

Who / Which is used in both defining and non defining cases

That is used in defining case.

The car which she sold is black.

I have bought a car which is white.

After superlative degree, all, only, same, none, nothing - that is used.

It is only dogs that bark.

Who is used in nominative case it is followed by a verb.

Whom is used in objective case it is not followed by a verb.

This is the person who stole the bike.

The boy whom I met today was his friend.

What are Interrogative Pronouns?

Which, what, Who, whom, whose

Who is used for a person.

Who called you there?

Which is used for both things and persons.

Which of these participants are going to win?

After preposition whom is used instead of who.

About whom are you speaking?

What is Exclamatory Pronoun?

When interrogatory pronoun what is used to express surprise.

What! You do not know him?

What are reciprocal Pronouns?

One another, each other

Each other is used for two persons or things.

 For more than two persons or things -One another is used

They all liked one another.

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