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How Important English Adverbs Positioned?How to Learn General English Series

What are adverbs?

Adverbs modify the meaning of a verb, another adverb or an adjective.

What are the different kinds of adverbs?

Adverbs are divided into three classes based on their uses.

Simple adverb

These modify the meaning of an adjective, verb or adverb.

She is quite wrong.

Interrogative Adverbs

These are used for asking questions.

Why is he not eating?

Relative adverbs

They join two sentences together.

I remember the place where I lived.

Adverbs are divided into three classes based on their meanings.

Adverbs of Time

These tell us when an action takes place.

She comes here daily.

Adverbs of Place

These tell us where an action takes place.

He left his car here.

Adverbs of frequency

These tell us how often an action takes place.

I have called you thrice.

Adverbs of Degree or Quantity

These tell us how much, in what degree or to what extent?

She came down slowly.

Adverbs of reason

These tell us why an action takes place.

She therefore left home.

Adverbs of Affirmation and Negation.

These tell us whether an action is done or not.

I did not meet him.

Which are the important adverbs?

Too and Very

Too means more than required.

Very means in a great degree.

Too much and much too

After too much - a noun is used.

After much too - an adjective is used.

Much and Very

Much is used with comparative degree

Very is used with positive degree.

Air is very cold today.

Air is much colder today than yesterday.

Please note that very is used with present participle and much is used with past participle.

Fairly and Rather

Fairly is used with positive degree.

With positive degree and comparative degree - Rather is used

He is fairly wise.

This work is rather difficult.

Hard and Hardly

Hard means solid or difficult

Hardly means almost not

It is hard to believe he is innocent.

There is hardly any milk left.

Late and lately

Late  denotes near the end of a period of time.

Lately means recently.

He married in his late thirties.

He had lately returned from India.

Ago

It is used in past indefinite sense.

I met him a year ago.

Enough

Enough is used after the word it qualifies.

She is now strong enough.

Else

Else should always be followed by but.

It is everything else but love.

Still and Yet

Still is used in affirmative sentences.

Yet is used in negative sentences.

She has not yet returned the car.

How to Position Adverbs?

Nearly, already, hardly, usually always, often, ever, just, seldom, never etc are used before the main verb.

Shyam always comes early.

Adverbs of manner / place and time are placed after the verb or object if there is one.

I met him yesterday.

If Adverbs of manner / place and time all are to be used in a sentence the right order is

Adverb of manner is followed by adverb of place and adverb of time.

She danced well in the town hall last night.

Adverbs of quantity are usually used before the word they qualify.

He is quite cool.

Only is placed immediately before the word it qualifies.

He has slept only three hours.

Preposition is not used before an adverb.

My brother asked me to go to office quickly.

Before the auxiliaries have to and used to - the adverbs of frequency and quantity should be placed

She often used to take a break from her tight schedule.

Adverb should not used by splitting an infinitive.

He asked her to write the answer carefully.

No adverb is used before quite.

She is quite alone.

For sentences starting with never, seldom, scarcely, hardly, no sooner rarely- inverted form of verb is used.

Rarely does he meet his friends.

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