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FAQs Indian Polity and Constitution

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Who Framed the Indian Constitution?

Constituent Assembly of India framed the Indian Constitution.

Who is known as the Father of Indian Constitution?

Dr.B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of Drafting Committee. He is remembered as the father of the Indian Constitution.

When was the Indian Constitution Adopted?

The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949.

When Did the Indian Constitution come into effect?

The Constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950.

How many members were there in the Constituent Assembly?

The Constituent Assembly had 389 Members

Who was appointed as the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly?

In 1946 - B. N. Rao was appointed as the Constitutional Adviser to the Constituent Assembly

What was the time taken to complete the drafting of the Indian Constitution?

Time taken to complete the drafting of constitution - Two years, eleven months and eighteen days.

When was the First meeting of the Constituent Assembly?

First meeting of the constituent Assembly was on 9th, December, 1946 with Interim President Dr.Sachhidananda Sinha.

Later Dr.Rajendra Prasad elected president on 11th, December, 1946.

Which is the largest written constitution in the world?

The Indian Constitution is the largest written constitution in the world

Where is the original constitution of India Preserved?

The original 1950 Constitution of India is preserved in the Parliament house

How many Articles and Schedules were there originally in the Indian Constitution?

395 Articles and 8 Schedule

When was the National Flag of India adopted?

National Flag adapted on 22 July 1947

Who Designed the National Flag of India?

National Flag designed by Pingali Venkayya of Andhra Pradesh.

What is Preamble?

It is an Introduction to the Constitution

By 42nd, Amendment in the year 1976 which words were added to the Preamble?



Unity & Integrity

Which Features of the Indian Constitution were borrowed from United Kingdom?

Following features borrowed from United Kingdom

Bicameral Parliament

Cabinet System of Ministers

Nominal Head – President like Queen of England

Parliamentary Type of Government

Post of Prime Minister


Which Features of the Indian Constitution were borrowed from USA?

Following features borrowed from USA

A Written Constitution

Executive Head of State like President

Fundamental Rights

Independence of Judiciary


President being Supreme Commander of Armed Forces

Supreme Court

What are the Six Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution?

The constitution guarantees Six Fundamental Rights

1)Right to Equality

2)Right to Freedom

3)Right against Exploitation

4)Right to Freedom of religion

5)Cultural and Educational Rights

6)Right to Constitutional Remedies

What is Article 14?

Equality before Law  and Equal Protection of Law

What is Article 15?

Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of sex, caste, race, religion, place of birth etc.

What is Article 16?

Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

What is Article 17?

No Untouchability.

What is Article 18?

Abolition of titles other than military or academics

What is Article 19?

Fundamental Freedoms of speech and expression, freedom of assembly, freedom to form associations, freedom of  movement, freedom to residence and settlement and freedom of profession.

What is Article 20?

Protection regarding conviction of offences

What is Article 21?

Protection of liberty and life

What is Article 21 A?

Right to education (children 6-14 years)

What is Article 22?

Protection against detention and arrest in certain cases

What is Article 23?

Forced labour and trafficking in humans prohibited

What is Article 24?

No child labour (below 14 years)

What is Article 25?

Freedom of religious practice and propagation

What is Article 26?

Freedom for management of religious matters and affairs

What is Articles 27?

No taxes on religious basis

What is Article 28?

Freedom to practice religious ceremonies in select institutions

What is Article 29?

Protection of minority’s interest

What is Article 30?

Protection of minorities to manage, establish and run educational institutions

What is Article 32?

Right to seek redressal on violation of rights.

What are Writs?

Power of the Supreme Court to issue writs for enforcement of fundamental rights

What are the Types of Writs?

Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Prohibition, Certiorari and Quo Warranto.

What is Habeas Corpus?

In protection of a person detained /arrested

What is Mandamus?

Instructions/command to person /authority for implementation or desisting from certain action/actions

What is Prohibition?

Stopping/preventing instructions to lower court/authority for judicial violations or injustice.

What is Certiorari?

Removal of suit from an inferior to superior court

What is Quo Warranto?

Restraining / Questioning the legality of holding a public office.

Which part of Constitution deals with Directive Principles of State Policy?

Part IV of the Constitution

What are Articles 36 to 51?

These contain guidelines to State for framing legal laws and governance.

What are the Fundamental Duties?

Added to constitution by 42nd, Amendment in the year 1976

Article 51 A – Eleven Fundamental Duties

11th Fundamental Duty added by 86th, Amendment –in 2002. This deals with education of children by parents/guardians

What is 42nd, Amendment?

Obligation on the President to follow the advice of council of ministers


FAQs Indian Polity and Constitution

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FAQs Indian Polity and Constitution





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