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FAQs Indian Polity and Constitution 2

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What are the qualifications needed to be a President of India?

Citizen of India and completed 35 years of age

Eligible to be a member of Lok Sabha

Not hold any Government post/position

What is the office term for the President of India?

Office term - Five years

How is the President elected?

Elected by Electoral College

Electoral College - Elected members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies.

No nominated members can vote.

Who administers the Oath of Office to the President of India?

Oath of Office is administered by Chief Justice of India.

What are the Powers of President of India?

President has Executive powers, Legislative Powers, Financial powers and judicial powers

President has the power to proclaim national, state and financial emergency.

Article 352 – National Emergency

Article 356 – State Emergency

Article 360 - Financial Emergency

President has military powers.

What are the qualifications to be elected as Vice President of India?


Citizen of India and completed 35 years of age

Eligible to be a member of Rajya Sabha

Office term - Five years

Ex Officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha

No Right to vote

Gets salary and entitlements as Chairman of Rajya Sabha

Can perform the functions of president for six months on the vacancy of post of President.

Elected by both houses of parliament

System of proportional representation and means of single transferable vote


What is the Role and Powers of Prime Minister of India?

Real Powers and executive authority

Salary as a MP

Ex officio chairman of  Planning commission

National development council

National Integration council

Inter State Council


Advices the President regarding convening of parliament

Appoints council of ministers

Allocates responsibilities and portfolios

Advices and recommends to president on emergency etc.

What is the structure of Indian Parliament?

The Parliament consists of

The President

The Council of States – Rajya Sabha

House of the People – Lok Sabha

What is the structure of Lok Sabha?

Lok Sabha –Maximum Strength – 550 Members

Nominated Member – 2

Lok Sabha and State Assembly seats frozen till 2026 by 84th, Amendment 2001

What is the Tenure of Lok Sabha?

Tenure of Lok Sabha – Five years. Can be extended under national emergency

Who is the Presiding Officer of Lok Sabha?


What is the structure of Rajya Sabha?

Maximum Strength - 250 members

12 members (eminent in literature, arts, science etc) nominated by President.

Members elected for a term of six years

Vice president is the ex official chairman of Rajya Sabha

Any Bill can originate (excluding budget / money bill)

How is Chief Justice appointed?

Senior Most Judge of the Supreme Court is appointed Chief Justice.

Other Judges are appointed by the President.

What are the Qualifications to be appointed as a Judge of Supreme Court?

Citizen of India

Experience of 5 years as a judge of high court

Advocate with a practice experience of 10 years

In the opinion of the president a distinguished jurist

Judges hold office till 65 years of age.

Only parliament can remove a judge.

What is the Original Jurisdiction of Supreme Court?

Supreme Court settles all disputes and cases

Between centre and states

Between States

Writ Jurisdiction.

Any individual can directly approach Supreme Court for Fundamental Rights violation

What is Legislative Council – Vidhana Parishad?

Permanent House

Cannot be dissolved

Strength – 1/3 of the strength of Legislative Assembly

Membership Tenure - 6 years

Minimum age is 30 years

Rest as Lok Sabha requirements

What is Legislative Assembly – Vidhan Sabha?

Also called lower house

Strength of the house - Based on Population of the state

Members are elected directly by the people

Membership Term is of 5 years

What are the Qualifications to be member of Legislative Assembly?

Minimum age – 25 years

Others same as Lok Sabha

What are the Qualifications to be a Judge of High Court?

Must be a citizen of India.

Advocate of a high court with ten years experience or held judicial office for at least ten years

What is the Term of a High Court Judge?

A Judge of High Court continues till he reaches 62 years.

Which are the Important Constitutional Amendments?

What is First amendment 1951?

Ninth schedule added

What is Seventh Amendment 1956?

Reorganization of States

What is Twenty Fourth Amendment?

President bound to give assent for constitutional amendment bill

What is Forty Second Amendment 1976?

Declared Supremacy of Parliament, Primacy of Directive Principles..

Added fundamental duties.

New words – Socialist, Secular Unity and Integrity of nation added to Preamble.

What is Forty – Fourth Amendment 1978?

Right to Property deleted from Part III.

Article 352 – Armed rebellion added to circumstances for declaration of emergency.

What is Sixty First Amendment?

Voting age reduced to 18 years.

What is Seventy Third Amendment?

Panchayati Raj Bill

What is Eighty Fourth Amendment 2001?

Freezes extended on Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assembly seats

What is Eighty Sixth Amendment 2002?

Education made a fundamental right for children.

What is Ninety First Amendment 2003?

Amended Anti defection law. Number of ministers restricted to 15 percent of house strength.

What is Ninety Second Amendment?

Languages - Bodo, Maithili, Santhali and Dogri added to VIII schedule

What is Ninety Third Amendment 2005?

 Reservation in Private education Institution

What is One Hundred and First Amendment?

2016 –GST – Goods and Services Tax

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FAQs Indian Polity and Constitution 2

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