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Learn To Differentiate. How to Learn General English Series

English Words and How to Differentiate?

Affect - To influence

Effect - To cause or bring about

All right - Two words - completely correct or acceptable

Alright - Not in use today

All together - Assembled into one group

Altogether - Completely or entirely

All ready - (two words) everything is in order

Already - Previously or prior to a specified time

Among - Used with three or more persons or things

Between - Used to differentiate between two people or things

Amount - Used with reference to money or things that can't be counted

Number - Refers to items that can be counted; a specific amount

Anyone - Used if any is important and is to be emphasized

Any one - Used to refer to a specific person, place or thing

Balance - Strictly speaking, the difference between debits and credits

Remainder - Something left over in any situation

Complement - To complete, is fitting, or adds a finishing touch

Compliment - To flatter or offer words of praise

Continual - Continuing, but stop-and-go activity

Continuous - Constant activity with no letup

Credible - Capable of being true or believable

Creditable - Performance worthy of credit or special mention

Each other - When only two persons are involved

One another - When three or more persons are involved

Eminent - Famous or noteworthy

Imminent - Expected to happen soon

Except - To exclude from a group or single out

Accept - To receive what may be offered or to assent

Farther - Referring to specific distance

Further – To indicate extent or degree

Infer - Objectively draw a conclusion

Imply - To hint or suggest

Latest - Refers to the last condition that is still in effect

Last - Refers to final things -after all others

Less - Mainly refers to things which are hard to count

Fewer - Generally refers to people or things that can be counted

Lie - To rest and does not take an object

Lay - To put or place and usually takes an object

Party - Group of people

Person - Refers to an individual

Practical - Useful to pragmatic

Practicable - That has been proposed but has not yet been tested

Precede - To 'go before'

Proceed - To 'go ahead' or ' move forward'

Principal - Main or primary participant

Principle - Rule or underlying tenet

Raise - To lift or cause something to move up

Rise - Takes on the more subjunctive sense of ' to go up' or 'come up'

Stationery - Situated in one place or without movement

Stationery - Paper used for writing

Very - Adverb meaning to a high degree

Real - Adjective meaning truly, actual or fundamental (use with nouns)

Without - Preposition used to indicate the absence of something or someone

Unless - Conjunction indicating an exception to the stated condition

What are the important One Word Substitution?

Abdication – voluntary giving up of power or position

Aborigines- the original inhabitants of a country

Acoustics- relating to sound

Acumen - superior mental acuteness

Adhoc - for the purpose

Adolescence - a stage of growth between boyhood and youth

Adulation - excessive devotion

Aeronautics -science of flight of airplanes

Affidavit- a written statement given on oath

Agenda – a list of items/activities to be transacted at a meeting

Aggravate - to make worse

Alimony – allowance paid to wife on legal separation

Allegory- description of a subject with symbolical representation to another

Alluvial- sandy soil deposited by running water

Almanac – an annual calendar with positions of stars

Altimeter- instrument used for measuring altitudes in aircraft

Altruist – person who considers the happiness and well-being of others first

Amateur – a man who does a thing for pleasure and not as a profession

Ambidexterity – person who can use either hand with ease

Ammeter- instrument used for measuring the electrical currents in amperes

Amnesty- general pardon of the offenses against government

Amphibian – animals which live both on land and sea

Amputate – to cut off a part of a person's body

Anachronistic - set in wrong time or period

Anarchist – person who is out to destroy all governance, person law and order

Anarchist - person who provokes disorder in a state

Anatomy - study of sciences relating to the bodily structure of human

Anemometer - instrument used for measuring the force and velocity of winds

Anesthetics - drugs causing unconsciousness such as chloroform

Annihilate - destroy utterly

Annuity - yearly grant

Anonymous - that which is written without name

Anthology – a collection of poems

Anthropologist - person who studies development of man from primitive ages

Anthropologist – person who studies the evolution of mankind

Antiquarian - a person who is interested in antiquities

Apostasy - to renounce person's faith or religion

Aquarium - a thing where fishes are kept

Aquatic – animals/plants which live in water

Arbitrator – a person appointed by two parties to solve a dispute  

 

Arbitrator - person who is appointed by two parties & decide their difference

Arboreal - living in trees

Arboriculture - cultivation of trees and vegetables

Archaeologist - person who studies human antiquities

Archaism - using ancient languages

Archeologist – person who make a scientific study of human antiquities

Archives – a place where government or public records are kept

Aristocracy - the rule by nobles

Arsenal - place where weapons are manufactured and stored

Articulate - pronounce clearly

Astrologer – a person who studies the influence of heavenly bodies on human beings

Astronomer – a person who studies stars planets and other heavenly bodies

Astronomy -study of heavenly bodies

Atheist – a person who does not believe in god

Atmosphere - the air surrounding the earths

Audible - that which can be heard

Audience – a number of people listening to a lecture

Audiometerinstrument used for measuring the intensity of sound

Autobiography – the life history of a person written by himself

Autocracy - absolute rule by person

 

Autocracy – government by person

Autocrat - who exercises absolute power

Avalanche - a heavy mass of snow falling down

Axiom – a statement which is accepted as true without proof

Ballad -a short narrative poem

Ballistics - science dealing with the motion of projectile e.g. rockets

Barometer - an apparatus used for measuring the atmospheric pressure

Bellicose - ready to fight

Benefactor - kind helper

Benevolent - kind hearted

Bevy - group of girls or women

Bibliography - a list of books with details

Bibliophile – a lover and collector of books

Biennial – an event which happens once in two years

Bifurcate - divided into two branches

Bigamy - two life partners at a time

Bilingual - spoken or written in two languages

Biography - life of a person written by somebody

Biologist - person who studies the science of animals and plants

Biota - animal and plant life of a religion or period

Black box - an apparatus which records the fight data of an airplane and is also a voice recorder

Blasphemy – the act of speaking disrespectfully about sacred things

Blood transfusion - the process the transfusing blood of person into blood stream of another person

Botanist - person who studies the science of plants

Bouquet – a collection of flowers

Boycottto abstain from buying or using

Brittle - easily broken

Bureaucracy – government by the officials

Butcher person whose business is to slaughter cattle for food

Cadaver - dead body

Calligraphist – a person who writes beautiful handwriting

Calligraphy - beautiful writing

Calorimeter - an instrument used for measuring quantities of heat

Cannibal – person who eats human flesh

Carburetor - an apparatus used in an internal combustion

engine for charging air with petrol

Cardiac - related to the heart

Cardinal - of prime importance

Cardiograph - a medical instrument for tracing heat movements

Cardiologist – a person who is specialist in heart diseases

Carnivorous – which / who lives on flesh

Cartographer –person drawing maps

Cavalry – soldiers on horse back

Centipede - an insect with many legs

Chauffeur – person employed to drive a car

Chemotherapy- medical treatment by chemicals

Choreographer – person who teaches dancing

Classic - that which is acclaimed as an excellent work

Cloak room – a place for luggage at railway station

Coercion - intimidation by threat 

Colleagues - persons who work in the same department

Connoisseur - me who is well versed in any subject a critical judge of any art particularly fine arts

Contagious disease - a disease which spreads by contact

Contemporary - person who lives at the same time of another

Convalescence – recovering from illness

Converge - to meet in a point

Copy-right - exclusive right to publish a book or content

CrΓ¨che – a nursery for children

Creditor - person to whom a debt owed

Credulous - too ready to believe

Crescendo - gradual increase in force - volume - loudness

Crusade – a religious war

Cryptograph - secret writing

Cul-de-sac - dead end

Curator – a person in charge of a museum

Cynosure – centre of attraction

Debtor - person who owes money to another

Decelerate - slow down

Democracy - the government formed by the people

Demography - science of vital and social statistics

Dialysis - the process for flood purification when the kidneys malfunction

Diminish - make or become smaller

Dipsomania - craving for alcoholic drinks

Dissuade - persuade not to do something

Dividend - sum payable as profit to an individual

Domicile - a place where person lives permanently

Dormitory – the sleeping rooms with several beds

Ecology - study of plants or of animal or of people or of institutions in relation to environment

Edible - that which is fit to be eaten 

 

Effeminate – a person who is womanish

Egoism - speaking too much of one self

Elegy - a lament for the dead

Emetic - inducing vomiting

Encomium -  high praise - eulogy

Encroach - make inroads on others property

Encyclopedia – a book that contains information on various subjects

Endemic - a disease which becomes prevalent

Enduring - long lasting

Entomologist - one who studies about insects

Ephemeral - lasting a very short time

Epicenter - point at which earthquake breakout

Epicure – one, who is devoted to the pleasure of eating and drinking

Epidemic - a disease which affects many people in a particular area in one time

Epitaph – words which are inscribed on the grave or the tomb in the memory of the buried

Equanimity - evenness of mind or temper

Equine - of horses

Equinox - when days and nights are equal 

Estuary - a broad channel formed by joining of the sea and river water

Ethnologist - one who studies the science of the varieties of human race

Etymology - science relating to the formation and development of words

Eulogy - speech or writing that praises

Euthanasia - mercy killing painless death to relieve suffering

Euthenics- science of improving the environment

Exaggerate - describe a thing beyond limits of facts / truth

Exonerate - free from blame

Explicit - fully and clearly expressed

Extempore - speech delivered without any preparation

Extinguish - to put an end to

Facsimile – an exact copy

Fanatic - person with excessive and mistaken enthusiasm 

Fatal – causing death

Fatalist – person who believes in fate

Fathom - understand fully

Fauna – the animals of a certain region

Feminist – person who works for the welfare of the women

Fertile - that which is productive

Fission - splitting into parts

Flesh eater - dogs - cats - lions etc

Flora – the plants of a particular region

Florist – person who deals in flowers

Flux - continuous change

Fragile – easily broken

Fratricide – killing of brother

Fugitive – one, who runs away from law or justice

Fusion – uniting

Galvanize-startle into sudden activity

Gastronomy - relating to food

Genealogist - one who traces the history of the descent  families

Genealogy - heredity, hereditary

Genocide – murder of race

Germicide - medicine that kills germs

Geysers - natural hot water springs

Glacier - a huge mass of snow

Granary – a storing place for grains

Hangar – a place for housing airplanes

Hedonist - one who devotes himself to pleasure

Herbivore -   plant eater

Herbivorous - eating herbs

Herbivorous – living on herbs

 

Heretic – person against religion

Hibernate -to spend the winter in a dormant state

Hieroglyphic - pictographic script

Holography -three dimensional photographs by use of laser beams

Homicide – murder of man

Homogenous - things which are of the same kind and of the same dimensions

Homologous - corresponding having same or similar relation

Honorary – holding office without any remuneration

Horizon – a line at which the earth and the sky seem to meet

Horologist - one who studies the art of clock making

Horticulture - art of garden cultivation

Hybrid - anything derived from heterogeneous sources

Hydraulics - study of water or other liquid in motion

Hydrometer - instrument used for measuring the specific gravity of liquids

Hymn - song in praise of god

Hyperbola - curve with two distinct and similar branches

Hypercriticism - deep criticism

Ichthyology - study of fishes

Iconoclast - a destroyer of images

Iconography - teaching by pictures and models 

Igloo - Eskimo home shaped hut or native house

Illegible – incapable of being read

Impenetrable - impossible to pass through or enter

Implicit - not fully and clearly expressed implied

Imply - indicate without express statement

Impracticable – incapable of being practiced

Impregnable - that which cannot be taken by force

Improbable - that which is not likely to happen

Impromptu -made or done without previous preparation

Inaccessible – that cannot be easily approached

Inattentive - not giving proper attention

Inaudible - that which cannot be heard

Incarcerate - imprison or confine

Incinerate - burn to ashes

Incognito - travelling under a name other than one's own

Incognito – travelling under another name than one's own

Incombustible - not inflammable

Incompatible - persons who cannot work or live together in harmony

Incomprehensible - that which cannot be understood

Incorrigible – incapable of being corrected

Incorruptible - very honest

Incredible - that which cannot be believed

Incriminate - change with a crime or fault

Incumbent - holding of an office - obligatory

Indefatigable – who does not tire easily

Indelible – that cannot be erased

Indescribable - that which is impossible to describe adequately

Inescapable - that which cannot escape from

Inevitable – incapable of being avoided

Inevitable – sure to happen

Inexplicable - that which cannot be explained

Infallible – one, who is free from all mistakes and failures

Infanticide – murder of an infant

Infanticide murder or infants

Infantry – soldiers, who fight on foot

Infirmary – a home or room used for ill or injured people

Inflammable – liable to catch fire easily

Inflammable - that which sets on fire easily

Inhalation - taking air into lungs - stimulus

Inimitable -  that which cannot be 

 

Insoluble-that which cannot be dissolved in liquid

Insolvent – a person who is unable to pay his debts

Insomnia - loss of sleep

Insurmountable - too great to be overcome

Interjection - a word of exclamation

Interregnum – a period of interval between two reigns or governments

Intractable - that which cannot be controlled easily

Invertebrate - without a backbone - without strength of characters

Invigilator – person who supervises in the examination hall

Invincible - that which cannot be defeated

Invulnerable - incapable of being wounded

Irreparable – incapable of being repaired

Irrevocable -a decision on which one cannot go back

Kennel – a place for dogs

Lexicographer – person who compiles a dictionary

Linguist – person skilled in foreign languages

Loquacious – person who talks continuously

More

 TOEFL and IELTS

English Errors Articles

 Subject Verb Agreement

Important Rules for Noun Usage

 Pronouns and Avoid Errors

 How to use Adjectives

 English Adverbs

Important Conjunctions

 Important Prepositions

 Sentence Completion

Sentence Improvement

 Sequences of Sentences

 Cloze Tests

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