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 Which are the Important Prepositions ? How to Learn General English Series

What is a Preposition?

A preposition is a word used before a noun or pronoun to show the relation with the other words of the sentence.

What are the important Prepositions?

On and upon

On is used for things at rest

Upon denotes motion.

The book is on the table.

The dog jumped upon the cat.

In and Into

In denotes position at rest

Into denotes motion

He is in the classroom.

He came into the classroom.

With and by

With is used for the instruments or tools.

By is used for the doer.

I am painting with a brush.

He was attacked by him with a knife.

Since and For

Since is used for point of time.

For is used for a period of time.

It has been raining since yesterday.

She has been working for five hours.

Since and From

Since is used for point of time.

From is used for both time and place.

He played from 6 pm to 7 pm.

Till and to

Till is used to indicate time.

To is used to indicate place.

He slept till 6 am.

I went to school.

At and In

At is used for a point of time.

In is used for wider period of time.

They will come at 5 pm.

I will go in the morning.

In and within

In means at the close of some future time.

Within denotes sometime short of close.

He will return in a week.

I will return within a week.

Between and among

Between is used for two persons or things.

For more than two persons or things -  among is used

Ram and Shyam fought between themselves.

I like to spend time among my friends.

Beside and Besides

Beside means by the side of.

Besides means in addition to.

He came and sat beside me.

Besides fine, there is imprisonment.

Which are the important Prepositions that follow certain words?

For - Following words are usually followed by β€˜for’

Nouns – anxiety, apology, affection, ambition, desire, compensation, capacity, candidate, blame, need, match, guarantee, fondness, esteem, reputation, passion, opportunity.

Adjectives –eager, designed, conspicuous, anxious, qualified, prepared, grateful, fit, eminent, eligible, useful, sufficient, sorry, ready

Verbs – wish, stipulate, search, mourn, care, canvass

To- The following words are followed by β€˜to’

Nouns – temptation, succession, reference, preface, opposition, obstruction, obedience, limit, likeness, leniency, key, invitation, indifference, disgrace, dislike, attention, assent, approach, access..

Adjectives and Participles – true, sensitive, reduced, prior, painful, opposite, obliged, obedient, liable, fatal, faithful, essential, equal, entitled, due, disastrous, devoted, deaf, contrary, appropriate, comparable, applicable, alive, alien, affectionate, adjacent, adequate, addicted, accustomed, acceptable.

Verbs – yield, refer, prefer, occur, object, listen, lead, conform, belong, attend, aspire, appoint, apologize, accede.

Words ending with β€˜ior’ take to as preposition.Superior, prior, senior, junior

Following words are usually followed by β€˜with’

Nouns – relation, intimacy, enmity, comparison, bargain, alliance, acquaintance.

Adjectives and Principles – satisfied, popular, inspired, gifted, fired, fatigued, endowed, disgusted, delighted, contrasted, contended, consistent, busy, acquainted

Verb – work, wipe, write, vie, trifle, threaten, sympathise, side, quarrel, play, part, meddle, interfere, grapple, go, fill, entrust, do, discuss, dispense, disagree, deal, credit, cover, correspond, condole, confer, comply, coincide, compete, cope, clash, compare, bear, agree.

Following words are usually followed by β€˜of’.

Nouns  - want, use, view, victim, sense, proof, opinion, neglect, necessaries, need, knowledge, fear, experience, distrust, age.

Adjective – worthy, tired, sure, short, proud, made, jealous, kind, innocent, ignorant, hopeful, guilty, full, fond, envious, dull, devoid, deprived, conscious, convinced, careful, confident, capable, bare, aware, ashamed, afraid.

Verbs – think, smell, repent, remind, make, dream, dispose, deprive, convict, complain, boast, beware, approve, acquit, accuse.

Following words are usually followed by β€˜at’

Adjectives and Principles- surprised, slow, quick, good, clever, annoyed, astonished, amused, amazed.

Verbs – wonder, store, smile, look, laugh, knock, jump, fire, glance, gaze, catch, call, blush, arrive, aim.

What are important facts about preposition?

Preposition is not used after transitive verbs like resemble, demand, attack, tell, order, reach, describe, discuss etc when they are used in active voice.

Objective case is used after preposition.

I do not talk to her.

If there are two verbs which should be followed by different prepositions both prepositions must be put in.

She was surprised as well as satisfied with my work.

Verb is used in present participle form if it is preceded by prepositions like about, to, on, in, from, for, before, at, after etc.

I do believe in wasting money.

Preposition is not usually used before home but to is used if possessive case is used before home.

She is coming to your house.

Complain, talk, reply, listen, speak, suggest, say are always followed by to if a person is used as an object after these verbs.

He is not listening to me.

Preposition is not used before the next day, this morning, last night, tomorrow, today, yesterday etc.

He went last night.

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