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FAQs English Language Grammar and Parts of Speech. How to Learn General English Series

English Grammar

Parts of Speech

What is Noun?

Noun is a word for place, person or things.

What are different Kinds of Noun? 

What is Proper Noun?

Name of particular person or place

Sam, Chennai, Smith

The words begin with a capital alphabet.

What is Common Noun?

Name of common place person or things

Boy, girl, city and village.

What is Collective Noun?

Name of group of persons or things

Army, jury

What is Material noun?

Name of substances or materials

Cotton, gold 

What is Abstract Noun?

Name of quality state or action

Kindness, cruelty, smiles.

What is Pronoun?

Pronoun is a word in place of a noun.

Kinds of pronouns

I, you, we, her, she

Distributive pronouns

Each, either, neither

Demonstrative pronouns

This, that, those, these

Indefinite pronouns

Some, any, somebody, anybody, no one

Reflexive Pronouns

Myself, yourself, herself, itself

Emphatic pronouns

When emphasized

Myself, ourselves, themselves

Relative Pronouns

Who, whose, whom, which

Interrogative Pronouns

Who, whom whose .

Exclamatory Pronoun

What!

Reciprocal pronouns

One another, each other

What is Adjective?

Adjective is a word which describes or qualifies a noun or pronoun.

Kinds of adjectives

Proper Adjectives

Adjectives formed from proper nouns

India - Indian

America – American

Russia – Russian.

Possessive Adjectives

My, his, her, your, there are called possessive adjectives.

My pen, your house

Distributive Adjective

Either, neither, each, every

Neither of the two rooms was empty.

Every statement is false

Demonstrative  Adjective

Two types –

Definite – that, this, same

 Indefinite – a, an some, any, other

Numerical Adjective - two types

Definite – one two, first, second,

Indefinite – many, some, few

Quantitative Adjectives –defines quantity

Little, whole, much

Qualitative Adjectives –show quality

Small, big, good, ugly

Interrogative Adjectives –To ask questions

Whose pen is this?

Which book you like? 

Exclamatory Adjective – Express Emotion or surprise

What a story!

What are Degrees of Comparison?

What is Positive Degree?

No comparison is made- Mohan is a good actor.

What is Comparative Degree?

Comparison of two persons or things

Ram is more talented than Shyam

This house is more spacious than that house.

What is Superlative Degree?

Denotes highest quality

Ram is the best student

He is the best singer.

What is Adverb?

Adverb modifies the meaning of an adjective, verb or other  adverb.

Kinds of Adverbs

According to Uses

Simple Adverb

You are quite wrong.

Interrogative Adverb

Why is he not eating?

Relative Adverbs

Let me know when she will come.

According to Meaning

Adverbs of Time

She comes here daily.

Adverbs of Place

He left his care here.

Adverbs of Frequency

She called you twice.

Adverbs of Quantity or Degree

These mangoes are almost ripe. 

Adverbs of Manner

Shyam fought bravely

Adverbs of Reason

He therefore left office.

Adverbs of Negation and Affirmation

She did not meet her.

What is Conjunctions?

A conjunction is a word which joins two sentences, words or  phrases.

Ram and Shyam left for work.

What is Preposition?

Preposition is a word which is used before a noun or pronoun and shows its relation with other words of the sentence.

The book is on the table.

The cow is under the tree.

What are Articles?

An Article is an adjective. It describes a noun

English has two articles

A/An

The

Definite Article - The

Indefinite Article - A / An

1. Let us go to a movie.

A movie - It means any movie hence indefinite article

2. Let us go to the movie

The movie - It means a specific movie - hence definite article. 

An - It is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound

An orange, an umbrella, an ice-cream

A is used before a word beginning with a consonant sound

A boy, a train, a book

The - It is used for a particular thing or person.

Bring me the pen

Get me the key.

Exceptions to usage of article

Some common types of nouns do not take an article.

Names of languages and nationalities- Hindi, Tamil, Chinese, English, Spanish, Russian

Sports - cricket, volleyball, hockey,

Subjects: Science, History, Chemistry, Physics 

What is Tense and Time?

Time – Indicates the period when the action is done or time of action.

Tense – Indicates forms of verb.

What are the different Kinds of Tense?

Past tense

Sub categories – Simple, Continuous, Perfect and Perfect

Continuous

Present tense

Sub categories – Simple, Continuous, Perfect and Perfect

Continuous

Future Tense

Sub categories – Simple, Continuous, Perfect and Perfect

Continuous

Simple Present tense

Simple Present Tense - when an action is happening right

now, or when it happens regularly

Earth revolves around the sun.

Present Continuous Tense - actions happening now / at the time of speaking.

It is snowing.

Present Perfect Tense – Activities completed in immediate past.

The movie has just started.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense – Action which began in the past but continuing at present

He has been studying for two hours.

Simple Past Tense – Action completed in Past.

I left college last summer.

Past Continuous Tense -  Action going on in the past

He was playing piano.

Past Perfect Tense – Action completed in the past

We had left before he came.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense – Action began at a certain time in the past and had continued upto that time.

We had been living here since 2016.

Simple Future Tense – Action still to take place

He will come tomorrow.

Future Continuous Tense – Action which will be in progress in future

I shall be driving.

Future Perfect Tense – Action completed in specific time in future.

I shall have reached by then

Future Perfect Continuous Tense – Action in progress over a period of time ending in future.

I shall have been reading for three hours.

More

 TOEFL and IELTS

English Errors Articles

 Subject Verb Agreement

Important Rules for Noun Usage

 Pronouns and Avoid Errors

 How to use Adjectives

 English Adverbs

Important Conjunctions

 Important Prepositions

 Sentence Completion

Sentence Improvement

 Sequences of Sentences

 Cloze Tests

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